Topics include: ecological consciousness and nonviolence, environmental activism and peace activism, the environmental impact of militarism, native and indigenous peoples and peace, food ethics and nonviolence, and other topics. The introductory essay by Andrew Fiala examines links between environmental movements, peace philosophy, and nonviolent activism. A renewed focus on global justice, a heightened criticism of religion and a fuller embrace of enlightened humanism and the sciences are just some of the ways in which we can begin to address some of the problems endemic to our society, and ultimately bring about more lasting peace.
Fiala argues both theoretically and empirically, moving from analyses of theology, ethics and political philosophy to case studies and data mined from these respective disciplines, and from the fallout of recent world events involving all three.
Fiala attempts to wean us off of our deferral to the oppressive forces that spark movements like Occupy, and the Arab Spring, forces that manifest themselves in the brutal drug wars along our borders, and in the currently fractious and bigoted rhetoric of some of our most powerful political and religious leaders. Against Religion, Wars, and States provides a provocative, unified, and revolutionary critical theory for all who are skeptical of the religious, political, and military powers that be, and points the way towards a more peaceful, just and reasoned future.
Civility, Religious Pluralism, and Education , co-Edited with Vincent Biondo focuses on the problem of religious diversity, civil dialogue, and religion education in public schools, exploring the ways in which atheists, secularists, fundamentalists, and mainstream religionists come together in the public sphere, examining how civil discourse about religion fits within the ideals of the American political and pedagogical systems and how religious studies education can help to foster civility and toleration.
The book grew out of a project funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. Public War, Private Conscience offers a philosophical reflection on the moral demands made upon us by war, providing a clear and accessible overview of the different ways of thinking about war. Engaging with contemporary examples and historical ideas about war, the book offers unique analysis of issues relating to terrorism, conscience objection, just war theory and pacifism. Andrew Fiala examines the conflict between utilitarian and deontological points of view. On the one hand, wars are part of the project of public welfare, subject to utilitarian evaluation.
On the other hand, war is also subject to deontological judgment that takes seriously the importance of private conscience and human rights.
Ethics: Theory and Contemporary Issues 9th Edition - Ebook PDF Version - Estudy For Class
This book argues that the conflict between these divergent approaches is unavoidable. We are continually caught in the tragic conflict between these two values: public happiness and private morality. It is in war that we find the conflict at its most obvious and most disturbing. The book provides a genealogy of the just war idea, while turning a critical eye to current events, including the idea of preemptive war, the use of torture, and the unreality of the Bush Doctrine.
Fiala warns that pacifism can also become mythological. The Just War Myth challenges the predominant American sentiment that war can be easily justified. It concludes with a call for critical thinking about war, democracy, and the moral responsibility of citizens. What Would Jesus Really Do? Fiala carefully examines Biblical texts with a critical eye, attempting to understand the moral vision of Jesus. The Golden Rule and other humane and peaceful moral principles are considered as good examples of a universal, humane ethics.
But Fiala concludes that with regard to many difficult moral conflicts of contemporary concern we simply do not know what Jesus would really do. Tolerance And The Ethical Life is a sustained consideration of the importance of tolerance in moral life. Sociobiology and the Naturalistic Fallacy. Ethical Terms. Ethics and Reasons. Intuitionism, Emotivism, Subjectivism, Objectivism. Ethical Reasoning and Arguments. The Structure of Ethical Reasoning and Argument. Evaluating and Making Good Arguments.
Ethical Theory. Types of Ethical Theory.
Can Ethics Be Taught. Stevenson, Emotivism and Ethics. Review Exercises.
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Religion and Global Ethics. Freedom, Cosmopolitanism, and the European Enlightenment. Religion, Civic Life, and Civil Disobedience. Ethics, Religion, and Divine Command Theory. Pluralism and the Golden Rule. The Problem of Evil and Free Will. Secular Ethics and Toleration. Criticisms of Secularism and Global Ethics. Readings: Plato, Euthyphro; M. Gandhi, Religion and Truth. Ethical Relativism. Descriptive vs. Normative Ethical Relativism. Individual vs. Cultural Relativism. Strong and Weak Relativism. Reasons Supporting Ethical Relativism. The Diversity of Moral Views.
Tolerance and Open-Mindedness. Moral Uncertainty. Situational Differences. Are these Reasons Convincing? Is Relativism Self-Contradictory? Moral Realism. Moral Pluralism. Readings: Louis Pojman, Who's to Judge? John Lachs, Relativism and Its Benefits.
Ethics: Theory And Contemporary Issues
Egoism, Altruism, and the Social Contract. Psychological Egoism. What Is Psychological Egoism? Is Psychological Egoism True? Ethical Egoism.
What Is Ethical Egoism? The Moral Point of View.
Why be Moral? Utilitarianism and John Stuart Mill. As for the writing, MacKinnon and Fiala provide a competent but not fantastic overview of ethics. Furthermore, there must be at close to pages devoted to reprinting articles and excerpts from outside sources, all of which could be found much more economically elsewhere. I really liked this book.
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The first part introduces ethical theory. The second part covers several ethical issues in essay form. There is an appendix on how to write an ethics paper that helped me so much. I would recommend getting this book and reading it for anyone that wants to clean up any sloppy careless thinking, speaking and writing.
Seriously, it is only pages chunked into short interesting topics. Here are a few quotes that I really got alot of milage out of in my writing: The Utilitaria I really liked this book. Nov 27, Bethany rated it liked it.